What are the 5 Main Types of Job Employment -Meaning and differences between them

As a job seeker, in search of employment, you will constantly find yourself facing the following types of jobs. Part-time Job, Full Time Job, Temporary Job, Contract Job & Entry Level Job.

Temporary work and part-time work are sometimes confused, but there are significant differences between the two types of employment. The same applies to full-time and contract jobs.

Below we discuss the five main types of employment you are most likely to encounter while searching for a job;

5 Main Types of Job Employment you will find and what they mean

1. Full-Time Job

Understanding what makes full-time employment can assist you in determining whether you are ready to pursue a full-time job at this time, as well as what your rights would be as a full-time employee for a company.

Firstly we will define what a full-time Job is and then look at the benefits of a full-time job and then highlight how to determine if a job is full-time or not.

What Is a Full-Time Job?  

A full-time job is one in which employees work a set amount of hours determined by their employer.
Annual leave, sick leave, and health insurance are common perks of full-time employment that are not often available to part-time, temporary, or flexible workers.

Full-time employment normally entails a predetermined work week, with eight-hour days and 40-hour weeks, though this varies depending on the industry, Country, and the nature of the job.

Benefits of working a full-time job

Working a full-time job has numerous advantages for employees. Here are a few examples of benefits available to full-time employees:

  1. Fixed pay

  2. Potential to earn more money annually

  3. Fixed working hours

  4. Insurance and benefits packages

  5. Opportunities for advancement

How to determine if a job is full-time

If you’re looking for a job and want to know whether a position is full-time or not, the steps below will help you determine if it full time or not:

  1. Look at the job posting
  2.  Review information in the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

  3. Ask the employer directly

2. Part-Time Job

Part-time work or a part-time job is a flexible work arrangement which means working less than full-time hours.

A part-time job is one that requires an employee to work fewer hours per week than their employer considers full-time. However, because there is no standard amount of hours per week that constitutes full-time or part-time employment, it is up to the employer to determine which jobs are classed as such.

Students, parents, retirees, and other workers who don’t want or require a full-time commitment are all examples of part-time employees. Instead of working full-time at one company, some employees may work two or more part-time jobs.

Depending on the company’s structure, part-time positions might often lead to full-time employment. If you’re seeking for full-time work, a part-time job can help you get your foot in the door. It can be a good method to get the experience you need for full-time work while also demonstrating your commitment to the company.

Benefits of a Part-Time Job

Below are some benefits of working a part-time job:

  1. A part-time job is a great way to earn supplemental income.
  2. Part-time jobs are also an excellent opportunity for a wide range of people to get vital work experience.
  3. Part-time jobs are generally more flexible, making it simpler to achieve the work-life balance you desire.

3. Temporary Job

People often confuse temporary work with part-time work, but there are distinct differences between these employment arrangements.

Temporary jobs might be part-time or full-time but by definition, it is a job that is intended to be performed on a short-term basis, or for a finite period of time.

For example, if a company has to cover for an employee on parental leave, the company may engage a temporary employee to fill in.

Even if temporary employment is full-time, you may not receive the same benefits as a typical full-time employee. You may also not have any sick or personal time. Having said that, you can hone transferable talents while working and develop a solid relationship with the organization.

If you require immediate employment, a temporary job may be an excellent option. Temporary jobs might provide you with flexibility while also preventing gaps in your résumé.

4. Contract Job

What is a contract job?

A contract job is one in which a worker is employed to do a specified job for a set period of time and for a set amount of money.

Contract employees are often recruited for a specific period of time at a predetermined wage. Contract workers are often associated with freelance writers and artists, however, even professions such as nursing can provide contract labor.

Being a contract employee might provide you with freedom and the ability to pick and choose your assignments. Those who prefer steady compensation may struggle with the uncertainty of contract jobs.

Contract jobs can help you establish a strong portfolio and broaden your talents, paving the way for more specialized and ultimately higher-paying work. These positions also give you the opportunity to try out new work environments and industries.

The contract specifies the task that the professional will oversee, the fee that the company will pay for the professional’s services, and the timeframe. Unless the contractor is recruited for another task with the company, the relationship between the contractor and the company ceases when the job is completed.


Benefits of a Contract Jobs

These types of temporary jobs can be a wonderful method for contractors to guide and expand their careers while yet keeping freedom. Many workers value the chance to establish their own independent contracting business and chart their own career paths.

Many contractors, in particular, are attracted to having less commitment than they would for a full-time career, acquiring useful work experience, and retaining flexible hours.

5. Interns

Internships are temporary positions that give those who hold them exposure to a particular field of work. Interns can be older individuals who are changing occupations as well as college students.

What are Interns and Internship?

An internship is a professional learning experience that offers meaningful, practical work related to a student’s field of study or career interest. An internship gives a student the opportunity for career exploration and development, and to learn new skills. It offers the employer the opportunity to bring new ideas and energy into the workplace, develop talent and potentially build a pipeline for future full-time employees.

An intern usually works in a company for a short amount of time to get knowledge about working in a particular sector. They might obtain work experience to add to their résumé and discover more about the regular duties of a certain role or department. Additionally, internships give interns the chance to gain job experience before deciding on a professional route.

Benefits of Interns and Internships

The experience that interns can receive from their internships is the main advantage of them. Employers typically want to see evidence of prior work experience. Candidates for jobs who have undergone internships frequently stand out from those who haven’t performed relevant work in the actual world.
Another major benefit is the opportunity to network with experts in their desired sector while doing an internship.

Benefits of Hiring an Intern

  • Ease workload of regular employees
  • Enable employees to focus on higher-level tasks
  • Meet short-term staffing needs
  • Complete “Priority C” tasks/projects
  • Utilize a cost-effective employment strategy
  • Obtain access to highly motivated students who can fill staffing needs
  • Develop a pipeline of future employees
  • Prepare tomorrow’s workforce
  • Inject enthusiasm and fresh ideas into your organization