Who is a Nurse? – Job Description, Requirement, Skillls , Salary & Interview Question

So you Wondering: Who Is a Nurse? What are the skills of a Nurse? What is required to become a Nurse, What Duties, and Responsibilities of a Nurse? What function does a nurse serve in today’s society?

The nursing profession is an occupation in the health care industry of both men and women who are highly trained to offer care to individual patients and whole communities.

It’s important to note that this is a well-respected and ethical profession. Second, we should note that nursing is a profession that requires just as much complexity as medicine.

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Who is a Nurse?

A nurse is a medical practitioner who handles triage and general patient care. Typically, nurses collaborate with a group of other medical experts, including doctors and other healthcare specialists.


A practitioner who has received professional training to treat patients with illnesses, diseases, and injuries is a nurse. In hospitals and medical offices, nurses frequently work alongside physicians and other healthcare professionals. Their primary responsibility is to assist patients—from young children to the elderly—in feeling better, staying active, and maintaining good health.

Nurses can work in a wide variety of environments, including:

  • Hospitals

  • Clinics

  • Doctors’ offices

  • Schools

  • Correctional facilities

  • Homeless shelters

  • Rehabilitation centers

  • Senior care homes



What does Nurse do?

In medical institutions, nurses perform a crucial role. Their responsibilities include caring for patients, coordinating care with doctors, giving medication, and monitoring vital signs and symptoms of patients. Nursing is a career that is expected to rise by 16% over the next ten years and offers both professional and personal fulfillment.

Duties and Responsibilities of a Nurse

Below are the duties and responsibilities of a Nurse;

Here is a list of the most common duties of a nurse:

  • To record symptoms of the illness.
  • To record a patient’s medical history.
  • To record improvements/signs during patient care.
  • To monitor a person’s health.
  • To administer/prescribe medicines to a patient.
  • To work as an operator of medical equipment.
  • To diagnose and test patients.
  • To support all people (no matter what religion or ethnic group they belong to). To advocate for human well-being.
  • To work in partnership with other medical professionals when planning a person’s care.
  • To be the patient’s supporter and helper.
  • To give recommendations regarding a healthy lifestyle.
  • To help people get educated about different diseases, illnesses and their treatment.
  • To manage the physical needs of a person.
  • To help patients prevent diseases and illnesses.

Nurse Salary Expectations

The median registered nurse salary in the United States is $77,600, while the average is $82,750. As of May 2021, California is the state with the highest pay for nurses, with RN salaries average $124,000. (according to the BLS).


In Nigeria, male nurses make an average of 255,000 NGN per month, compared to 273,000 NGN for female nurses. Due to these factors, the typical monthly salary of a nurse in Nigeria is about 265,000 NGN.

From lowest to highest, salaries vary from 133,000 to 411,000 NGN (highest). It covers housing, transportation, and other perks. This is the average monthly wage. Several incentives and allowances are available to nurses, including.

Which Country pays Nurses the most?

$91,000 Luxembourg (USD),  This little nation in Western Europe leads the list as the nation that pays nurses the most in the whole globe. However, getting a job as a nurse can be very challenging and nearly impossible. Nurses might wait years for a position to open up.

Before you can get a job as a Nurse in Luxembourg, a petition must first be filed to the Ministère de la Santé (Ministry of Health) for an application pack. Nurses are either licensed as adult nurses only or under a general system. This is important depending on the specialty of the nursing position. A visa is required to work in Luxembourg.

For an international Nurse to work in Luxembourg it is very important he/she must be a fluent speaker of either French, German, or Luxembourgish.

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What country is easiest to get a Nursing Job?

Nurses in New Zealand benefit from sophisticated work settings that include cutting-edge technology and equipment. The easiest country in which to work as a nurse is New Zealand, followed by Australia, Denmark, and the United States. New Zealand’s healthcare system is divided into public and private care, with nursing opportunities accessible in both, making it one of the four easiest countries to work as a nurse in.

Once in a new employment in New Zealand, nurses are entitled to a minimum of four weeks paid annual leave/holiday each year, as well as a respectable pay of between £39,000 and £45,000. Salaries for senior positions and certain specializations are higher than this.

Nurse Skills and Qualifications

  • A high school diploma is required.
  • Further education may be beneficial.
  • Job experience and CPR training may be necessary.
  • A driver’s license may be strongly desired.
  • A professional and friendly attitude.
  • A willingness to work flexible hours, which may include night shifts.
  • An understanding of what to do in an emergency
  • Training in any special areas of care you provide

Also Read – Who is a Caregiver ? – Responsibility , Requirement, Skillls , Salary & Interview Question

What Types of Nurse Exist?

The world commonly defines three types of nurses:

  1. RN or registered nurse
  2. APRN or registered nurse with Master’s Degree or higher level of education
  3. LPN or practical nurse with a license
  • Registered nurse (RN) :

    These nurses assist doctors and other medical professionals by providing hands-on care for patients. They also manage and maintain medical records.

  • Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN)

    Advanced Practice Registered Nurses, also called Advanced Practice Nurses (APNs), are master’s level nurses responsible for performing health evaluations, diagnoses, treatments, and other medical procedures within a health care setting.

    Their roles are similar to those of an RN, but APRNs have more specialized training and experience. For example, an APRN may create patient care plans while the RN implements these plans. APRNs are also responsible for overseeing the activities of the RNs and other medical and nursing staff.

    APRNs may specialize in the following areas e.g Nurse anesthetists, Nurse Midwives, Clinical nurse specialists, and Certified nurse practitioners.

  • Practical Nurse with a license (LPN)


    Under the direction of an RN or physician, licensed practical nurses carry out a range of duties. They deliver injections, monitor vital signs, and administer medication. LPNs are sometimes an excellent place to start if you want to dangle a toe in the nursing field.    To become an LPN, nursing students spend one to two years in a vocational nursing program. They can then receive one of the following: A certificate in vocational nursing, A nursing diploma, An associate degree in nursing.

Other types of Nurses are:

  1. Medical-surgical nurse
  2. Intensive care unit (ICU) registered nurse
  3. Travel Nurse
  4. Emergency room nurse
  5. Operating room (OR) nurse
  6. Nurse case manager
  7. Home health nurse
  8. Post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) nurse
  9. Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurse
  10. Staff Nurse
  11. Oncology nurse
  12. Telemetry nurse
  13. Pediatric nurse
  14. Psychiatric nurse
  15. Radiology nurse
  16. School nurse
  17. Nurse anesthetist
  18. Dialysis nurse
  19. Cardiovascular nurse
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